Home on the Range: The Impact of the Cattle Trails on Indian Territory

cattlePaul Roland (The University of Oklahoma)

Much has been written about the cattle trails of the 1870s. The cowboy has assumed a prominent role in the legend of the West. The Plains Indians Wars have likewise received their share of literature. The Indians of the West also became a significant part of Western lore, often as antagonists. What can often fall to the wayside is how the cattle trails and the Indian tribes impacted each other and what happened after the wars and the trails began to decline. The cattle trails that went through the heart of Indian Territory left a major impact on the Continue reading


Why Hannibal Lost the Second Punic War?

Hannibal-BarcaHo Yee Lam (University of California at Berkeley)

After the First Punic War (264-241 BCE), Carthage tried to regain an empire in the Mediterranean by conquering Spain. When Hannibal seized Saguntum, an ally of Rome, he ignored an ultimatum from Rome, triggering the Second Punic War. Although Livy (59 BCE-17 CE) and Plutarch (45-127) presented Roman victory as the will of the gods (a common convention Continue reading

A Mermaid’s Tale: The Evolution of the Representation of Mermaids in Popular Culture

John_William_Waterhouse_A_MermaidMelissa Jones (Christopher Newport University)

The belief in merpeople, or water spirits, has been in existence since the beginning of recorded history, and possibly even before that. Water spirits and merpeople were seen as powerful, and their representations in later folktales were often as deadly beings. Continue reading

Scandalous by Profession: Opera in Eighteenth-Century Europe



William Hogarth, The Bad Taste of the Town, 1724 (Victoria and Albert Museum)

Felicity Moran (Franciscan University of Steubenville)

When the eighteenth-century operatic soprano Francesca Cuzzoni (1696-1778) refused to sing an aria George Frederick Handel (1685-1759) had written for her, he grabbed her and said, “I know you are a she-devil, but I am Beelzebub, the king of all the devils, and I swear that if you don’t sing that air this very minute, I’ll throw you out of the window.”[1] Although this anecdote might encourage feelings of sympathy for the singer, Continue reading

“Why, If Things Are So Good, Are They So Bad?” Magnitogorsk, Stalin’s Five-Year Plan, and American Engineers, 1928–1932


Yakov Guminer’s 1931 poster (Wiki)

Landen J. Kleisinger (University of Regina)

During Stalin’s first Five-Year Plan (1928-32), both Soviet and Western workers came together to construct the Soviet Union’s greatest edifice at Magnitogorsk, a barren patch of Siberian steppe on the Asian side of the Ural Mountains. The workers journeyed to this place because of its geological anomaly: “a mountain of almost pure iron ore.”[1] Continue reading

Creating Killers: Stalin’s Great Purge and the Red Army’s Fate in the Great Patriotic War


The first five Marshals in 1935, only two survived the Purge (Wiki)

Max Abramson (Emory University)

Stalin’s reign was defined by rapid industrialization, warfare, and a campaign of terror which drastically altered the foundations of Soviet society in many different arenas. In particular, the terror encountered under the Stalinist regime created some of the most profound effects on the citizenry and culture of the Soviet state. Certainly, as Orlando Continue reading

The Dieppe Raid: Avoidable Disaster or Lesson in Amphibious Assault?


Canadian wounded after the raid (Wiki)

Jennifer Munson (The University of Maine)

On August 19th, 1942 Allied forces consisting of mostly Canadian troops mounted a full-scale assault on a small port in Dieppe, France. Prior to this assault, Allied forces had been forced to withdraw from the western front at Dunkirk in June 1940, which left the eastern front in Soviet Union territory as the only active front against Germany. By 1941 Continue reading